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After the lease contract is signed, an appointment for the Entry inspection report (état des lieux d'entrée) will be fixed with the landlord. This is a very important procedure, which should be undertaken with due care.


Even if this inspection is technically not mandatory, both the tenant and the landlord have an interest in it being carried out. It attests that the premises are in a condition appropriate to their purpose, and serves as an official document. The report should be detailed and state precisely every feature of the apartment or villa, and the state it is in. Moreover, in the case of furnished accommodation, an inventory of the furnishing and its condition is also drawn up, indicating in which room each item is located.

Some practical advice:

  • The Entry inspection report should, if possible, take place in empty premises, in daylight. The presence of a witness can be useful.
  • Make sure the description of the premises really corresponds to their condition, that all defects are mentioned with sufficient precision and detail, and that the landlord states any work that they are prepared to carry out.
  • Please note that the tenant may not carry out any renovations or other work without the written consent of the landlord.

If, nevertheless, some defects come to light at a later stage, the tenant must notify them to the landlord as soon as possible, by registered letter. 

Finally, the Entry inspection report, as well as any inventory, must be signed both by the landlord and the tenant, and are an integral part of the lease.


On the day the premises are relinquished, and once they are free of furniture, an inspection report will be drawn up. This is done by the landlord, usually represented by a professional (real estate agent), who is better equipped to assess the real condition of the premises.

It is in the interest of the tenant to be involved in this Exit inspection, in order to avoid any later dispute about the state of the premises. 

The inspection is governed by Article 267a, paragraph 1 of the "Code des obligations", in accordance with which the landlord has an obligation to ascertain the condition of property and immediately notify the tenant of any defects for which they are deemed responsible.

When signed by the two parties, the Exit inspection report serves as proof. However, if the report does not correspond to reality, or if the tenant uncovers an error at a later stage, they must immediately draw it to the landlord's attention.




Keys to a successful inventory and statement of state of repairs